Jaunpur Sultanate

The city of Jaunpur, traditionally known as Sheeraz-e-Hind, is situated in present day Uttar Pradesh, India. The city’s founding history can be traced from mid 14th century, when Delhi’s Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq named the city in the memory of his cousin- Sultan Muhammad Bin Tughluq, whose given name was Jauna Khan.

In 1394 A.D., Khwajah-i-Jahan Malik Sarwar, the minister of Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah IV Tughluq, was appointed governor of the eastern province of the Delhi Empire with the title of Malik-us-Sharq (Ruler of the East). He took advantage of the unrest reigning at the capital and declared independence. Jaunpur now became an independent kingdom with the birth of Sharqi Dynasty (named after the title Malik-us-Sharq), with Malik Sarwar as its founder.

One of the most successful rulers of this dynasty was Ibrahim Shah. His kingdom spread from Bihar in the east to Kanauj in the west. Under the guidance of a holy man named Muhammad Jaunpuri Imam Mahdi, Ibrahim Shah also threatened Sultanate of Bengal who was under Raja Ganesha’s rule.

Ibrahim was dedicated towards Islamic learning and had set up several colleges for the same. A large number of scholarly works on Islamic theology and law was produced during his reign, which includes: Fatwa-i-Ibrahim Shahi, Hashiah-i-Hindi and the Bahar-ul-Mawwaj. He also developed architecture and made several monuments in distinct regional style- Sharqi

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