Delhi Sultan - Lodi Dynasty

The Sayyids and Lodis were the last of the Delhi Sultans. The Sayyids rose to power when Khizr Khan took over the throne of Delhi from Daulat Khan Lodi and established the Sayyid Dynasty. Khizr Khan was Timur's deputy and was stationed in Multan in an administrative capacity. Throughout his reign, Khizr Khan never assumed a royal title nor did he issue coins in his name. Instead, he issued and circulated coins minted in the name of Timur, and after Timur's death, his son, Shah Rukh.

Khizr Khan was succeeded by his son Mubarak Shah. Mubarak Shah was not supported by the nobles. He encountered a lot of rebellion from them throughout his reign as the Sultan of Delhi. Mubarak Shah was succeeded by his nephew, Muhammad Shah, after his assassination. Muhammad also encountered a lot of revolts during his reign. Towards the end of his reign, the kingdom had become politically weak. Upon his death, his son, Alauddin Alam Shah succeeded him. Allaudin ruled till 1451 CE and then abdicated the throne in favour of Bahlul Khan Lodi and retired to Badaun.

Bahlul Khan Lodi founded the Lodi Dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. In the history of Lodi Dynasty, he was known to be kind and generous and a patron of learning and art, though he himself was illiterate. His son Sikander Lodi succeeded him. Sikander was known to have ordered the destruction of various temples in the regions under his rule. He was interested in agriculture and introduced the Gaz-i-Sikandri (Sikander's Yard), a 32-unit measuring system for cultivated fields.

Sikander Lodi was succeeded by his son Ibrahim. Under Ibrahim's rule, trade had declined due to collapse in trade routes. The treasury had also depleted. There was political instability and rebellions. His noble, Daulat Khan, invited Babur to Invade Delhi and Ibrahim Lodi was killed in the Battle of Panipat in 1526 CE. This brought about the end of the Delhi Sultanate.

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