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Medieval Coinage of Great Britain

Arrival of the Anglo-Saxons marked the beginning of the Medieval Era of Great Britain. The monetary system did not see any changes until the year 600 CE when coinages began to re-appear. The colonization of Vikings introduced the York Mint to this land. Medieval Great Britain had varied denominations like the Silver Penny, Thrymus, Sceatta and Denier.

In the 9th Century ‘Mark’ (approx. 1.46 g) became the monetary weight of English coins while ‘Pound’ continued to be the monetary unit. In 1180 CE a new coin type ‘Short Cross Penny ‘was issued to improve the Medieval Coins of the United Kingdom. In later periods, ‘Long Cross Penny’ was introduced.

The Penny was cut in half or quarters to create smaller denominations. After the accession of Edward I, he commenced a re-coinage where three new denominations were introduced like Groat, Half-Penny and Farthing. Later on gold denomination like Florin, Helm and Leopard were issued in Medieval English Coins.

Mintage world is ecstatic to introduce a platform to learn and understand the medieval coinage of Great Britain. Learn the monetary system of Medieval Britain’s monarchs like William II, Henry I, Henry VII, Edward IV, Richard III, James III, Mary I and Elizabeth I from the houses of Mercia, Tudor, Denmark, Normandy, York and Lancaster.